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Tim Sandle

Dr. Tim Sandle is a chartered biologist and holds a first class honours degree in Applied Biology; a Masters degree in education; and has a doctorate from Keele University.

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7 Steps to Writing an Awesome Business School Essay

By Tim Sandle

As you may have already discovered, business writing is not the same as the assignments you did when you were in high school. Grade school assignments focus on demonstrating you’ve learned something well enough to explain it or proving you’ve read and understood the designated reading materials. Business writing is much direct, to the […]

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Bacteria Powered Solar Cell Makes Clean Energy

By Tim Sandle

A step forward in the green energy revolution: scientists have successfully connected nine biological-solar (or “bio-solar”) cells within a solar panel. The system has been used to produce electricity. The level of energy generated is the highest level of wattage of any previously attempted bio-solar cells, coming in at 5.59 microwatts.   Bio-solar cells are […]

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Zika Virus Associated With New Type Of Brain Disease

By Tim Sandle

Rates of Zika virus have been increasing in many countries, with infection primarily through mosquito bites. The disease is associated with several ill-health effects. To add to those previously reported, an association with a new autoimmune disorder has been reported.   Zika virus is a member of the Flaviviridae virus family. In most people, the […]

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Pertussis (Whooping Cough) Immunisation Profile Raised

By Tim Sandle

Public Health England has updated its information for public health professionals relating to pertussis (whooping cough). This follows an increase in cases in many countries in the world. Pregnant women are typically offered a vaccination to protect against whooping cough.   Whooping cough is a highly infectious disease caused by a bacterium called Bordetella pertussis. […]

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Using Mice To Predict Zika Infection In People

By Tim Sandle

In order to assess the risks of Zika virus in people, researchers are using a mouse based animal mo to predict why some people develop symptoms and others do not (Zika is symptomatic in one in four people); over, the research attempts to understand what is happening with babies. It is hoped the insight can […]

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Dementia Drug Could Help Those With Parkinson’s

By Tim Sandle

A new study, using an existing drug for dementia, has shown that it may be effective against Parkinson’s disease.   Parkinson’s disease is a type of neurodegenerative disease that affects the muscles. The disease is progressive, and it can take several years for the disease to become apparent. In the U.S. alone, up to one […]

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Hundreds of Dialysis Patients Exposed to Disease

By Tim Sandle

During a routine inspection of Baystate Medical Center by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, inspectors uncovered a worrying fact. This was that 575 dialysis patients could potentially have been exposed to pathogens.   This was because, an official report indicates, the hospital “failed to adhere to standard protocol.”   Moreover, the report indicated that […]

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Creating Artificial Muscles With Silicone

By Tim Sandle

Improving surgery is a long-held medical goal. One area that can improve the lives of people is with the creation of artificial muscles and researchers at different universities are exploring the most appropriate methods and materials. One such medical application is with the use of laboratory-developed ‘muscles’ to control severe incontinence. Scientists from the University […]

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Remarkable Batteries Made From Wild Mushrooms

By Tim Sandle

Researchers have developed carbon fibers to form electrodes that outperform conventional graphite electrodes. The remarkable thing about these electrodes is that the carbon fibers are derived from wild mushrooms. The fibers are modified with cobalt oxide nanofibers. The fungus used is Tyromyces fissilis. The fungus is a common plant pathogen, found in North America. The […]

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3D Printed Ovary Success In Mice

By Tim Sandle

3D ing (or additive ing) is recording successes with medical device technology (where it is termed ‘bio-ing‘.)  With bio-ing the aim that  cell function and viability are preserved within the ed construct, so that the created object has a biological function. A newly reported innovation is with the creation of a 3D ed ovary, which […]

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