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Yeast Infection/Candida Overview And Treatment Advice

Candida

Yeast infection is the growth of fungus (yeast) which can occur on any part of the body. The most common form is candidiasis which is caused by the fungus Candida spp. There are over 20 species of Candida, but the most prevalent is the Candida albicans. C. albicans habits on virtually all the surfaces of the body. An overgrowth of these fungi can result from favorable conditions (for them) leading to infections especially in moist and warm areas; vaginal yeast infection and thrush are major problems. Others include diaper rash, nailbed infections and even beneath large breasts.

Parts of the body prone to yeast infections include the mouth, genitals, blood, skin and throat. However, more yeast can even be spiraled by certain medicines and health conditions leading to dangerous and uncomfortable symptoms. Below is the description of various types of candidiasis.

Thrush or Oral Candidiasis

This is known as thrush because if affects the throat or mouth areas. The condition is rare in adults but most prevalent in patients undergoing chemo, infants, HIV/AIDS patients, elderly and other conditions that tends to reduce the immunity of the body. Diabetic patients have also been found to contract oral candidiasis together with those people with asthma inhalers, people who take antibiotics and even those who undertake steroid medication.

Symptoms of Oral Candidiasis

  • Difficulty in swallowing and frequent sore throat
  • Some white spots on the tongue and inside the mouth.
  • The cracking of the mouth especially on the corners that the lips meet

The best way to deal with thrush is to consult your doctor as soon as possible. Note that if left untreated, thrush may spread to the bloodstream causing dangerous infections. Not all thrush infections can be treated in a similar manner, but it relies heavily on age, overall body health and the severity of the infection.

Yeast Infection of the Genitals

In most women, vaginal yeast infection is very common and bares some of the following symptoms:

  • Redness and soreness in the areas around the vagina
  • Painful intercourse
  • Severe itching especially around the vaginal area
  • Cottage-cheese like clumpy vaginal discharge

On the other hand, men may also get infected with yeast infection particularly uncircumcised men. Some of the symptoms include:

  • Burning and itching on the tip of the penis
  • Red rash forms on the penis

Early treatment for genital yeast infection is important because failure to treat may spread the infection to others through sexual intercourse. Luckily, there are various over-the counter medicines that can fully treat the infection available for both male and female. Note that it is paramount to first get some diagnosis from your physician before starting any DIY treatment at home.

Diaper rash

Most of the diaper rash is caused by yeast infections. Babies who have yeast infection diaper rash always have dark red patches of the skin along the diaper area especially in the regions of the skin that borders the tights. Yellow fluid spots that break open and become flaky may be realized.

When these symptoms appear, it is recommended that you call a pediatrician. It is very imperative to discover what is causing the diaper rash. When yeast is the main cause, anti-fungal medicine will be the most recommended form of treatment the doctor should prescribe. They should be applied in the regions with the sore and irritated skin. These medications are usually in the form of cream, powder of ointment form. It is not advisable to utilize any over the counter yeast infections medicine without getting the doctors opinion.

Invasive Yeast infection

When candida yeast gets into the blood stream, it will inevitably spread to the other parts of the body. This will cause a type of infection known as candidemia.

The infection can also occur if you have a relatively weaker immune system and when the yeast infection goes untreated. You can also get this form of yeast infection if you get into contact with medical equipment that has fungal contamination.

Some of the symptoms of invasive yeast infection can be vague and will be depended t on the part of the body that is infected. Some well-known symptoms include chills and fever that will even continue after having antibiotics.

This kind of infection is common in individuals who are or have been in the hospital. It is one of the leading causes of blood stream infection sand cause of death in hospitalized patients.

This kind of infection can be contracted if you:
a.    If you are hospitalized in the intensive care unit (ICU)
b.    If you have been involved in surgery recently.
c.    If you have a central line (catheter)
d.     Have a relatively weakened immune system.

Infant that are born with very low weight are also at a high risk of this kind of infection. Invasive candidiasis is a very serious infection that should be treated quickly. Usually the form of treatment includes the administration of antifungal medicine via the mouth or through an IV for several numbers of weeks.

In conclusion any yeast infection like candidiasis results from an overgrowth of yeast which is merely a type of fungus. As learnt above it can affect any part of the body.  Candidiasis for instance manifests itself in most areas of the body like the under arms among other regions of the body. Any moment you discover any symptoms of such fungal infection, make sure you visit your doctor in order to obtain medication within a very short span of time.

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TLN